River System of Himachal Pradesh In English

River System of Himachal Pradesh In English

||River System of Himachal Pradesh In English||Himachal Pradesh HP River System  In English||

River System of Himachal Pradesh In English

There are mainly five rivers flowing in Himachal Pradesh, which are mainly divided into two water drainage systems -

 Indus river system 

  • Sutlej 
  • Beas
  •  Ravi 
  • Chenab 

Ganga river system 

  • Yamuna

Indus River Drainage System: Most of the rivers of Himachal Pradesh belong to the Indus river drainage system, of which Sutlej, Vyas, Ravi, and Chinav are prominent. These rivers join the Indus Valley and flow further into the Arabian Sea.

1. Satluj River: The Sutlej River is described as Shutudri in the Vedas and Shatad in Sanskrit. Other names of Sutlej are Mukasang, Sampu, Jugti, Sumudrag, Sutudra etc. The Sutlej River originates from the Manatalai Lake (Tibet) of Mansarovar, south of Mount Kailash. This river is about 400 km from its point of origin. After covering a distance of, Jaskar enters the Himachal Pradesh near Shippy rates cutting across the greater Himalayas.The Sutlej river enters Shimla district at a place called Badla (Jury) after dividing Kinnaur district into two parts and flowing about 130 km. The Sutlej River enters Huidhar (Mandi) and Kasali (Bilaspur) districts. This river flows into Nangal Punjab, except Himachal near Una.

Tributaries of Satluj: Spiti, Pager (Teti), Kashang Mulgoon, Wangar, Shorang and Rupi to the right of Sutlej in Kinnaur district, and Trang, Gyanathing, Baspa, etc. on the left side of Sutlej are tributaries of Sutlej. The largest tributary of the Sutlej in Kinnaur district is the Spiti, which merges with it at a place called Namgya.

Main facts of Sutlej River: 
  • Vedic Name - Shutudri 
  • Origin point - Raktal Lake (Tibet)
  •  Known in Tibet - Elephant River
  •  Water acquisition area - 20,398 sq km 
  • Total length - 1488 km (longest river in the state) 
  • This river is also known as the bloody river. 
  • Asia's highest dam (Bhakra) has been built. 
  • With the construction of Bhakra Dam, Govind Sagar Lake, the largest artificial lake of the state has been formed.
  • Asia's tallest bridge on this river was built in 1964 at a place called Kandraur, the bridge is 280 meters in length and 80 meters in height and 7 meters wide. 
  • Hot water goggles are located in Tattapani on its banks.
2. Beas river: It is mentioned in the Vyas river Vedas in the name of Arjikiya and in Sanskrit Vipasha. This river originates from the Pir Panjal mountain range in Secund near Rohtang. The Vyas river has two sources: Vyas Rishi and Vyas Kund. The catchment area of ​​Beas river is about 13,663 sq km. is. The length of this river yesterday is 460 km. Whereas in Himachal Pradesh its length is about 256 km. is. Which is the highest after Sutlej.

Tributaries of Beas: Its tributaries are Parvati, Pin, Malana Nala, Solang, Manalas, Fozal and Sarwari in Kullu district. Its tributaries are Uhal, Jyuni, Ramabina, Hansa, Tirthan, Bakhli, Suketi, Panodi, Sone and Badhed in Mandi district. Kunah and Mann in Hamirpur and Binwa, Newgal, Banganga, Baner, Gaja, Manuni and Chakki in Kangra are its tributaries.

Key facts of the Beas River
  • Vedic Name - Arjikiya 
  • Sanskrit name - vipasha
  •  Ascension Point - Vyas Kund (near Rohtang Pass) 
  • Water Acquisition Area - 13,663 sq km 
  • Total length - 460 km Length in Himachal Pradesh - 250 km 
  • Largest tributary - Parvati River 
  • The Vyas river enters Punjab at a place called 'Mirthal'.
||River System of Himachal Pradesh In English||Himachal Pradesh HP River System  In English||

3. Ravi river: The Vedic name of Ravi river is ‘Parushni’ and Sanskrit name ‘Iravati’. The river originates from the two icebergs called Madal and Tantagiri in the Bara Bhangal region of the Dhauladhar mountain range. In the local language, it is also called weeping. The total water acquisition area of ​​this river is 5528 km. Its total length is 720 km. And its length is 158 km in Himachal. is.

Tributaries of Ravi: Chhatradi, Bodil, Tunhedan, Valjedi, Sal and Saul etc. The Ravi river originates from Bada Bhangal and forms the form of a huge river in a place called Chauhada in the lower region of Churah.

Key facts of Ravi River: 
  • Vedic name - Parushni 
  • Sanskrit Name - Iraivati 
  • Place of Origin - Bada Bhangal (Kangra) 
  • Water acquisition - 5528 km 
  • Total Length - 720 km
  •  Length in Himachal - 158 km 
  • This river separates the Pir Panjal Range from the Dhauladhar Range.
  •  Alexander called it 'Rohuadis'.
4. Chenab river: The river Chenav is described in the Vedas as 'Asikani'. It originates from the height of 'Varalacha' rates (4891 m) of the greater Himalayan mountain range. The river Chenav is formed at the confluence of two rivers Chandra and Bhaga. Chandra River Chandratal and Bhaga River originate from Suraj Taal. Therefore, this river is also famous by the name of Chandrabhaga. These rivers are found in a place called 'Tandi' of Lahaul.This river is the largest river in Himachal Pradesh in terms of water density. Its catchment area is 7850 sq km. And its total length is 1200 km but in Himachal its length is only 122 km. Is m.

Key facts of Chinav River: 
  • Vedic Name - Asikni 
  • Origin point - Baralacha Pass
  •  Total length - 7850 km 
  • Length in Himachal - 1200 km 
  • Power Projects - Fort, Thirot, Doda Pangi
  •  leaves Himachal near the Sansari drain in the valley.

Ganges river drainage system: Ganges River Drainage System: This drainage system is related to the Yamuna and its tributaries flowing from Himachal. These rivers join the Ganges and flow into the Bay of Bengal.

5. Yamuna river: The river Yamuna, described as Kalindi in the Vedas, originates from the Yamunotri glacier of the Kalind mountain of Uttarkashi in Uttarakhand. This river is believed to have a mythological connection with the Sun God. Its water acquisition area is about 2320 sq km. is. Its total length is 1525 km. is. Its length is about 22 km in Himachal Pradesh. is.
The Yamuna flows through the Garhwal division in Uttarakhand, entering Khodar Majri in Sirmaur district of Himachal. This river is the boundary dividing line at the eastern-southern end of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand. After flowing 22 kilometers in Himachal, Yamuna moves to Uttarakhand at a place called Kaunch Tajewala.

Tributaries of Ravi:- The major tributaries of Yamuna are Giri, Pabbar, Patal and Bata. The origin of the Giri river is located at 'Kupar' in Jubbal tehsil of Shimla district. This river is also famous as Giri Ganga. The Patala River and the Saraswati Khad originating from the peaks of Chudhar together with it form the Triveni Sangam. The origin of the Pabbar River is the 'Chandranahan' lake which is situated on the Chanshal mountain.Near Chidgaon, shikari is found in the Andhra Khad and Rohdu in this river. The Pabbar River is about 160 km near Aarkot in Uttarakhand. After traveling to Tuna, the main tributary of Yamuna joins the Tons.

Main facts of Yamuna River: 
  • Vedic name - kalnidi 
  • Origin point - Yamunotri 
  • Watershed Area - 2,320 sq km 
  • Total length in Himachal Pradesh - 22 km
||River System of Himachal Pradesh In English||Himachal Pradesh HP River System  In English||

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