Awards & Honours Question Answer Set-1

Awards & Honours Question Answer Set-1

||Awards & Honours Question Answer Set-1||Awards & Honours Question Answer In English Set-1||

Awards & Honours Question Answer Set-1


 1. The Rajiv Gandhi Sadhvawana Puraskar for the year 1997 was given to— 

(A) Dr. Nelson Mandela 

(B) Dr. Julies Nyrere 

(C) Mother Teresa 

(D) None Of These

Explanation:-Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award (English: Rajiv Gandhi National Communal Harmony Award) is an Indian award given for outstanding contribution towards promotion of communal harmony, national integration and peace. The award was instituted by All India Congress Committee of the Indian National Congress Party (INC), in 1992 to commemorate the lasting contribution made by the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, carries a citation and a cash award of Rs. five lakhs. It is given on August 20, the birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, which is celebrated as Sadbhavna Diwas (Harmony Day). The 1996 winner of this award was Lata Mangeshkar, followed by Sunil Dutti in 1998; Kapila Vatsayan in 2000, etc. Note:Rajiv Gandhi National Sadbhavana Award (English: Rajiv Gandhi National Communal Harmony Award) is an Indian award given for outstanding contribution towards promotion of communal harmony, national integration and peace. The award was instituted by All India Congress Committee of the Indian National Congress Party (INC), in 1992 to commemorate the lasting contribution made by the former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, carries a citation and a cash award of Rs. ten lakhs. It is given on 20 August, the birth anniversary of Rajiv Gandhi, which is celebrated as Sadbhavana Diwas (Harmony Day). In 2016 above award is presented to shubha mudgal (singer)

 

2. Girish Karnad is : 

(A) A well known playwright and actor. 

(B) A recipient of Gnanpith Award 

(C) The President of the Film and Television Institute of Indian Society. 

(D) All the above. 

Explanation:-Girish Raghunath Karnad is a contemporary writer, playwright, screenwriter, actor and movie director in Kannada language. His rise as a prominent playwright in 1960s, marked the coming of age of Modern Indian playwriting in Kannada, just as Badal Sarkar did in Bengali, Vijay Tendulkar in Marathi, and Mohan Rakesh in Hindi. He is a recipient of the 1998 Jnanpith Award, the highest literary honour conferred in India. He has served as Director of the Film and Television Institute of India (1974–1975) and Chairman of the Sangeet Natak Akademi, the National Academy of the Performing Arts (1988–93).

 

3. Who amidst the following won the Nobel Prize in Science in two different disciplines? 

(A) Russell Hulse 

(B) David Lee 

(C) Madam Curie 

(D) Paul Boyer 

Explanation:-Marie Curie was a Polish physicist and chemist, working mainly in France, who is famous for her pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the only woman to win in two fields, and the only person to win in multiple sciences. She was also the first female professor at the University of Paris (La Sorbonne), and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in Paris’ Panthéon. She shared her 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with physicist Henri Becquerel. She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes.

 

4. Who amongst the following won the Nobel Prize at least twice? 

(A) Winston Churchill 

(B) Madame Curie 

(C) Octavio Paz 

(D) George Choupak 

Explanation:-Madame Curie shared her 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics with her husband Pierre Curie and with physicist Henri Becquerel. She was the sole winner of the 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Her achievements included a theory of radioactivity (a term that she coined), techniques for isolating radioactive isotopes, and the discovery of two elements, polonium and radium. Under her direction, the world’s first studies were conducted into the treatment of neoplasms, using radioactive isotopes.


5. Who is the latest ‘Bharat Ratna’ awardee among the following who had performed at the historic function at the Red Fort on the 15th August, 1947? 

(A) M.S. Subbalakshmi 

(B) Ustad Bismillah Khan 

(C) Pt. Ravishankar 

(D) Lata Mangeshkar 

Explanation:-Ustad Bismillah Khan was an Indian shehnai maestro. He was the third classical musician to be awarded the Bharat Ratna (in 2001), the highest civilian honour in India and gained worldwide acclaim for playing the shehnai for more than eight decades. Khan had the rare honor of performing at Delhi’s Red Fort on the eve of India’s Independence in 1947. He also performed raga Kafi from the Red Fort on the eve of India’s first Republic Day ceremony, on January 26, 1950. His recital had become a cultural part of India’s Independence Day celebrations, telecast on Doordarshan every year on August 15.

 

6. Who won the Jnanpith award for the year 2001 ? 

(A) Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya 

(B) Indira Goswami 

(C) Mahasweta Devi 

(D) None Of These

Explanation:-The Jnanpith Award is a literary award in India. Along with the Sahitya Akademi Fellowship, it is one of the two most prestigious literary honours in the country. The award was instituted in 1961. Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour. It is presented by the Bharatiya Jnanpith, a trust founded by the Sahu Jain family, the publishers of the The Times of India newspaper. Rajendra Shah won the Jnanpith — the Indian government’s most prestigious literary prize — for the year 2001. was a lyrical poet who wrote in Gujarati. Indira Goswami won this award in 2000. Note : The Jnanpith Award is an Indian literary award presented annually by the Bharatiya Jnanpith to an author for their “outstanding contribution towards literature”. Instituted in 1961, the award is bestowed only on Indian writers writing in Indian languages included in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India and English. As of 2015, the cash prize has been revised to ?11 lakh (equivalent to ?12 lakh or US$18,000 in 2016). The most recent recipient of the award is Bengali poet and critic Shankha Ghosh who was awarded for the year 2016

 

7. Booker prize is given in the field of : 

(A) Medicine 

(B) Adventure 

(C) Fiction writing 

(D) Science 

Explanation:-The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe. It is one of the awards given in the field of fiction writing. Note : The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel, written in the English language and published in the UK.Paul Beatty was awarded the 2016 Booker Prize for his novel The Sellout, receiving 50,000 pounds ($61,000), and becoming the first American author to be awarded the prize.

 

8. Who was the first Ramon Magsaysay Award winner from India? 

(A) C.D. Deshmukh 

(B) Jayaprakash Narayan 

(C) Dr. Verghese Kurien 

(D) Acharya Vinoba Bhave 

Explanation:-The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established to perpetuate former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay’s example of integrity in government, courageous service to the people, and  pragmatic idealism within a democratic society. The Ramon Magsaysay Award is often considered Asia’s Nobel Prize. The prize was established in April 1957 by the trustees of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund based in New York City with the concurrence of the Philippine government. Sir Chintaman Dwarakanath Deshmukh won this award in 1959, becoming the second recipient of this award after Jipson John of Taiwan in 1958. He was an Indian civil servant and the first Indian to be appointed as the Governor of the Reserve Bank of India in 1943 by the British Raj authorities. He subsequently served as the Finance Minister in the Union Cabinet (1950–1956).After resignation from Union Cabinet He worked as Chairman of U.G.C.(1956–1961). He served as ViceChancellor of University of sDelhi (1962–67). He was also President of I.S.I.(Indian Statistical Institute) from 1945 to 1964,Honorary Chirman of National Book Trust (1957–60).Note : The Ramon Magsaysay Award is an annual award established to perpetuate former Philippine President Ramon Magsaysay’s example of integrity in governance, courageous service to the people, and pragmatic idealism within a democratic society. Human rights activist Bezwada Wilson and Carnatic musician Thodur Madabusi Krishna are winners of the Magsaysay Award from India in 2016. Acharya vinobha Bhave was the first Indian to receive Ramon Magsaysay award in 1958 for community leadership.

 

9. Who amongst the following was awarded Nobel Prize for developing the technology used in integrated circuits used in PCs? 

(A) Robert F. Furchgott 

(B) Horst L. Stormer 

(C) Jack Kilby 

(D) John a. Pople 

Explanation:-Jack St. Clair Kilby was an American electrical engineer who took part in the realization of the first integrated circuit while working at Texas Instruments in 1958. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000. He worked on the problem in circuit design that was commonly called the “tyranny of numbers” and finally came to the conclusion that manufacturing the circuit components en masse in a single piece of semiconductor material could provide a solution. He showed that a piece of germanium with an oscilloscope attached, pressed a switch, and the oscilloscope showed a continuous sine wave, proving that his integrated circuit worked and thus solved the problem


10. Authors in English from which of the following countries are not eligible to be considered for the Booker Prize? 

(A) Britain 

(B) Commonwealth 

(C) Republic of Ireland 

(D) USA

Explanation:-The Man Booker Prize for Fiction is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original full-length novel, written in the English language, by a citizen of the Commonwealth of Nations, Ireland, or Zimbabwe. Note : Paul Beatty was awarded the 2016 Booker Prize for his novel The Sellout, receiving 50,000 pounds ($61,000), and becoming the first American author to be awarded the prize.


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