General Studies Question With Answer Set-10


General Studies Question With Answer Set-10

||General Studies Question  With Answer Set-10||GS Question  With Answer Set-10||General Studies Questions for has||General Studies Questions for hpas||

General Studies Question With Answer Set-10

Question:-Is diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalisation? Justify your answer. (Answer in 250 words) 

 Ans. India is a multilingual, multi-religious, and multi-caste country and has been a dominant player in the world system and part of the global economy for ages. Its civilisational past has been shaped and has evolved through a number of events, crises, people, and communities. Globalisation has been defined as the process of rapid integration of countries, it has been accelerated through greater foreign trade and foreign investment. 

Impact of Globalisation on India's Diversity 

Linguistic Diversity The use of English language as a common language of communication has undermined the use of local dialects, especially in urban centers. Many ancient tribal languages have been wiped out due to the use of common languages for easing and standardising communication. There has been an exponential increase in establishment of English medium schools. English is used from communication between common people as well as for administrative purposes.

Caste Diversity To some extent globalisation has reduced the dominance of caste hegemony. As globalisation has led to increasing focus upon economic growth and development, caste based identities have been reduced. On the other hand it has also led to the strife among various groups to assert their common identities. 

Local Culture Increasing consumerism and availability of cheaply produced consumer goods has led to the erosion of local culture in form of local arts and handicrafts. The multinational corporations promote consumer culture, exploitation of workers and markets and influence societal values. 

 Homogenised Lifestyle There has been an attempt to imitate the Western culture due to globalisation. Urban lifestyles have been homogenised and people do not prefer to identify themselves with their castes, community, religion etc. as compared to their economic class. Traditional dhoti-kurta has been replaced by shirts and trousers. Even in food habits, junk food like pizzas, burgers, pasta are the preferred choices of the younger population.

 Uniform Values Globalisation has led to spread and imposition of uniform social and cultural values. Western idea of individualism has been promoted leading to erosion in traditional values and beliefs. The present education system, legal system and administrative systems are based on Western philosophies. Thus, it can be concluded that there has been both a positive and negative impact of globalisation on social and cultural values in India. There is no denying the fact that globalisation has brought cheers to people's lives by opening new vistas of employment. It has also made inroads in the cultural heritage of this country. Every step of movement towards economic, political and cultural modernisation, taken by the state in India, is responded to by the people with an enhanced sense of self-consciousness and awareness of identity.

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